Your blood is comprised of various cell types including red blood cells for transporting oxygen, platelets to help blood clot and white blood cells that battle impurities. They all initially originate from stem cells, which can develop into any cell type as they divide and develop. Issues with this procedure, known as ‘differentiation’, are at the foundation of all blood cancers. Various sorts of blood cancer growth rely upon when and how these issues happen.
These issues often lead to your body producing enormous quantities of puerile platelets that can’t act out their job appropriately. They can ‘clog up’ your bone marrow, which keeps different sorts of cells from carrying out their responsibilities as well.
Most blood cancers, likewise called hematologic cancers, begin in the bone marrow, which is the place where blood is delivered. Blood cancers usually happen when irregular blood cells’ growth starts multiplying rapidly, intruding on the functioning of regular blood cells, which ward off contamination and produce fresh cells.
There are three types of blood cancers as specified by Blood Cancer Specialist.
- Leukaemia: Leukemia is
a type of cancer that influences your blood cells, particularly your
white blood cells and bone marrow. These cells divide very rapidly and don’t
develop properly, which jeopardizes your immune system and meddles with
its ability to battle diseases.
- Lymphoma: This kind of blood cancer influences the lymphatic
system, which is in charge of the expulsion of excess fluids from your body and
creating new immune cells. The lymphocytes are a kind of white blood cell that
battle contamination. Abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells, which
regenerate wildly in your lymph nodes and other tissues.
- Myeloma: Myeloma is a blood cancer that attacks a particular kind of white blood cell called the plasma cell. These cells are made in your bone marrow and produce antibodies which help in battling illnesses and maladies.
- Family History
- Weak immune system
- Chronic exposure to harmful radiation
- Fever/ chills/ night sweats
- Experiencing fatigue/ weakness
- Loss of appetite, nausea
- sudden weight loss
- Bone/ joint pain
- Abdominal discomfort
- Chronic Headaches
- Shortness of breath
- Frequent infections
- Itchy skin or skin rash
- Swollen lymph nodes
Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre (RGCIRC), a prime cancer hospital situated in Delhi, offers the best treatments and also has a demonstrated record to prove it, with regards to giving blood cancer treatment and care. The institute also hosts blood cancer specialist that rank amongst the best in India. From common methods like chemotherapy and radiotherapy to stem cells and bone marrow transplantations, they practice it all and give out good results. Furthermore, they have taken the prerequisite to promote awareness about cancer amongst the common folk. As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure. Mentioned below are some very common ways of blood cancer treatment:
Stem Cell Transplantation: In a stem cell transplant, the patient is injected with normal blood-producing stem cells. These stem cells might be gathered from the bone marrow, coursing blood and umbilical cord blood.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy utilizes anticancer medications to meddle with and stop the development of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer in some cases includes giving a few drugs together in a set routine. This treatment may also be given before a stem cell transplant.
Radiation Therapy: The patient is exposed to harmful radiation that aims to kill any cell life, be it good or bad.